July 29th, 2004  

Vol.  III - No.25

In This Issue

  • A special Session

  • Wife of President gives honor certificate

  • Constantia

  • Book Review

  • The Reader's Circle

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Co-Editor: Osher    


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               Eyal Cohen

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            Guy Tsabary

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A. B. - Samaritan News


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Sunset Times for Central Israel calculated by Abraham Cohen from Holon


begins Friday June 30th, 6:40 pm to Saturday 31st,

6:39 p.m.

Weekly Parshiyot-



with Genesis



August 6th 6:34pm- 7th 6:33pm

Weekly Parshiyot-



with Genesis



Samaritan Calendar

of Festivals

Samaritan Calendar

of Festivals  


Festival of the Seventh Month- Oct. 14th, 2004

Day of Atonement Oct 23rd, 2004

Succoth- Oct. 28th

Rejoicing of the Torah- Nov. 4, 2004


Studies and Related Conferences:

In Planning Stage

SES: In University of Papa/ Hungary in 2008.

 organised by Dr. Joseph Zsengelle'

Markah Memar III.1

It is our duty to be a tree good to behold, crowned with goodly fruits, and to hasten to acquire wisdom and fill our souls with what the True One taught us. It does not behove us to leave ourselves like a waste land which has nothing in it, or like a tree without fruits, for an end has to be made of it. We were created rather to acquire the wisdom of our ancestors, as is fitting.

Plan on buying a Book? Buy through us and support our main website: www.the-samaritans.com

 A Special Session in the House of Presidents of Israel held on the Judea and Samaria Studies

A.B. - The Samaritan News

The President of Israel Mr. Moshe Katzav has hosted the current session of the "The President's Circle of Archaeology" that dedicated this time to "Judea and Samaria Studies" mainly to celebrate the coming out of monumental volume "Mount Gerizim Excavations 1" by Yitzhaq Magen, Chagai Misgav and Levana Tzfania. The Guest of honor of this session was the High Priest of the Israelite Samaritans Elazar B. Tsedaka.  Other special guests were the Coordinator of the Activities of the Government of Israel in Judea and Samaria and Gaza Strip General Yosef Mishlav, Brigadir-General Ilan Paz who is in charge to Judea and Samaria and Mr. Shukka Dorfman the director General of the Antiquities Authority. All of them have stated words of blessings to the successful work of the excavator Dr. Magen in digging the vast city of Ancient Luza since 1983. (PHOTO ABOVE: President Katzav with the Guest of Honor - The High Priest of the Samaritan Israelite People, Elazar Ben Tsedaka )

The High Priest Elazar has opened the session alongside with the host President Katzav. High Priest Elazar has blessed the over 200 participants - Historians and Excavators from all over the country - with the great Blessings of the High Priests {Numbers, 6:22-26] before Dr. Magen (pictured right) gave the main lecture. Magen has announced in the beginning of his words that the excavations on Mount Gerizim will be resumed soon after a long break, thanks to the much stimulation to do that after the great result of the last excavations on Gerizim Mountain. Magen has suggested that the site so far dates back to the 6th century B.C.E. after  conclusive study of the 500 inscriptions, 17,000 coins made from gold. silver and bronze and hundreds of different findings, all of them have been found in the 10% of the area of the excavation. All the findings of Mount Gerizim will be presented to the public to see in a special museum that now built near Ma'aleh Edomim on the left side of the road of Jerico-Jerusalem close to the "Good Samaritan Inn".

Dr. Magen has stated the immediate conclusion of the 22 last years of excavations on Mount Gerizim that the Israelite Samaritans have built two temples on the Mountain, one by the Governor of Samaria, Sanballat the Horonite [Now the town of Chuwwara in the west-south of Mount Gerizim slopes] in the Fifth century contemporary with the the Governor of Judea. Nechemia activities in Jerusalem, and the second in the second century B.C.E at the time of Antiochus the IV Epiphanies. The City has been destroyed and burnt to to its foundation by the Hasmonean King John Horcanus in 112-113 B.C.E.. (Photo: The honored stage from right to left: Brigadir General Ilan Paz, General Yosef Mishlev, President Moshe Katzav, HP Elazar and Mr. Shukka Dorfman.)

A.B. - The Samaritan news is remarking that in a special convention held in 1991 in Jerusalem, after 8 years of digging, then Mr. Magen the excavator has stated that he never found in the site anything previous to the second century B.C.E., but now in 2004 he is stating that he got far deep to the 6th century B.C.E. findings although he dug less than 10% of the excavation area of 100 acres. The vast quantity of the great findings is very stimulating the digger to go on with the excavation with an expectations that all present conclusions will be wiped out to be replaced by different findings deeper to the very ancient periods of the Gerizim Mountain that the Hebrew Forefathers used it a their sacred place for worshiping the God of Israel["Shema"]. In his concluding words of session the President of Israel has expressed his expectation and encouragement to go on with the excavation to find out what might be discovered in the rest 90% of the area of excavations on the peak of Mount Gerizim.

Next to Magen lecture the participants have heard with full interest the short but important lectures of Dr. Chagai Misgav on the different ancient scripts of the Hebrew and the lecture of Mr. Yuval Peleg on New discoveries from Kumran near the Dead Sea.

At the end of the session that will be remembered for long time the Authority of Antiquities and Judea and Samaria Publications [JSP] have given a special present to  - The first four volumes that came out already crowned with the last one: "Mount Gerizim Excavations, Vol. 1".

Wife of President gives honor certificate to educational initiatives was given To "Tamar Garden - Holon" for honoring the Samaritan People

A.B. - The Samaritan News

In the frameworks of the special project "Israel Has Many Faces" have gathered seven groups each from the seven regions of education in Israel in the House of Presidents of Israel on June 24, 2004, to be honored by the wife of the President Mrs. Gilla Katzav for their initiatives in doing projects of education in the kindergartens of Israel. The most prominent body among the seven was "Tamar Garden - Holon" in Ne'ot Yehudit neighborhood near the Samaritan Neighborhood in Holon, where many Jewish and Samaritan kids spending their time the first half of each day. The Initiative was giving honor to the Samaritan issue and the Samaritan Communities of Holon and Mount Gerizim by spreading the learning of the Samaritans to all kindergartens in Israel to be learned and practice yearly by the kids in Israel. (Photo: Mrs. Miri Feldman with the Wife of the President of Israel, Mrs. Gilla Katzav)

Mrs. Gilla Katzav and the executive of the Ministry of Education headed by the Secretary General of the Ministry, Mrs. Ronit Tirosh have gave a certificates of honor to Mrs. Miri Feldman the "living spirit" behind the project, who runs "Tamar Gerden - Holon", to her Tel-Aviv region inspector Mrs. Ronit Shmuelevitz and to Miri's assistant Mrs. Yafa Cohen. Priest Asaf b. Tabia, one of the priests of Holon has attended the special ceremony.

"Tamar Garden - Holon" has organized many activities to widen the knowledge of the Samaritans among all kindergartens in Israel by displaying exhibitions of pictures and artifacts made by the kindergarten children and for initiating meetings with other kindergarten kids around the Samaritan Issue. (Priest Asaf with the winners of Tel Aviv Region of education in Israel.)


Constantia (Arles, Arelate)

Baba Rabba was a Samaritan revolutionary that rebelled against Roman rule in the 4th century C.E. He agreed to a peace with the Romans and was held captive till his death in a city called Constantina. Constantinople has been taken to be the city the Samaritan writings call Constantina. But in relationship to the name appears a city in the south of France called Constantia. From 328 A.D. Arles or Arelate was renamed to Constantia in honor of Constintine II's death. Emperor Constantine III (407 - 411) made Arles his capital city in 408. It was an important Roman city and military headquarters with seaport of Roman Emperors in the 4th century. It was also a favorite city of Emperor Constantine the Great.

This could be the location of where Rabba is buried but we may never know!


Constantine I, and later his sons, often stayed at Arles. The climate, nearby Mediterranean Sea and Alps, and caused one to linger in the area. In 330 CE the city was renamed Constantina, but the name didn’t stick. Later, in 353, the city was again named Constantina, but again, reverted to its old name of Arelate after he had been gone for a time.

330     Renamed Constantina by Constantine the Great.
353     City again named Constantina by Constantine.
400     Arles became ‘Praetorian Prefecture’ of Gaul, an important office of the Roman Empire.




Book Review  This ULTRA RARE and RICHLY PHOTOGRAPHED Jewish TRADITION Book " DIE PASSAHFEIER DER SAMARITANER" ( The PASSOVER-PESSACH CEREMONY-CELEBRATION of the SAMARITANS ) with its SUBTITLE " Und IHRE BEDEUTUNG Fur Das VERSTANDNIS Der ALTTESTAMENTLICHEN PASSAHUBERLIEFERUNG" was published in 1932 - FIRST and ONLY EDITION  by Verlag Alfred Topelmann in Giessen. Written in German by Dr. Joachim Jeremias, Professor in Griefswald. Consist of about 50  PHOTOGRAPHED chromo PLATES  in addition to 60 text pp and one MAP. The book is a CLOSE and VERY THOROUGH and VIVID documentation, Made by EYE WITNESS ( Dr, Jeremias ) of the PASOVER-PESSACH Ceremony of the SAMARITANS in Nablus 1932 or earlier than that. *******  About the SAMARITAN PESSACH CEREMONY :


1. Passover Night - While the Jews continue to observe Passover annually, they have not practiced this observance completely since the destruction of the Temple.  The Samaritans had separated from Jewish practice long before, and their sacrifice observations were unconnected, and thus unaffected, by the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 AD.  Their practice of the Passover continues much as it was millennia ago.

2  The High Priest - The Samaritans believe that their High Priest is a direct descendant of Aaron, however, the last in the line died in 1624.  Since then the religious head of the Samaritans has been known as "The Priest" (HaKohen).  Recent estimates number the Samaritan population today at 560, up from 139 in 1909.  About half live on Mt. Gerizim and the other half in Holon.

3. The Lamb - The Samaritans follow the five books of Moses only, and their version is slightly modified from the Jewish Masoretic Text (e.g., substituting Mt. Gerizim for Mt. Ebal).  According to Moses, the Passover lamb was to be brought home on the 10th of Nisan and slain on the 14th.  Children would have been witness to the observance.

4.  The Sacrifice - The service starts near about sunset. The Samaritan men are dressed in white garments, the leaders wear red hats, and the priests are dressed in a distinctive turquoise garb. The Samaritans chant and pray until the the signal is given, and the head of each household reaches for his knife to slice the throat of his family’s lamb. 

5. Roasting the Lamb -  As soon as the lamb is slain, the Samaritans celebrate. About thirty-five sheep are killed in the modern observance, about one for each larger family unit. Then the sheep are skinned and put on a skewer and carried over to one of the 2-3 meter deep roasting pits to be cooked for most of the night.


The Reader's Circle

Dissertationes de Origine ac progressu idolatriae et superstitionum de vera ac falsa Prophetia uti et de Divinationibus, idolatricis Juadeorum
VAN DALEN ANTONIO  Amsterdam, Henricum & Viduam Theodori Boom, 1796., pagg. 52+762+13, con bella vignetta ai titoli., Edizione originale, rarissima., Dorbon-AinÉ, "Ouvrage por commun qui fut mis à lIndex par la Cour de Rome dès son apparition., Lauteurs ennemi jurÉ de toute superstition, cherche à dÉmonstrer linexistence des dÉmons, des faunes, des Sylvans, des Satyres, etc., A la page 681 ou truve quelques lettres de Van Dale sur la Pentateurque Samaritan et les RÉponses dEtienne Morin ministre St Evangile et orientaliste distinguÉ"., Ottimo esemplare.

Burstein, Abraham  New York: Bloch Publishing Company, 1936. Hard Cover. 59 pages. Various groups within Judaism from Biblical days to present, such as Samaritans, Pharisees, Sadducees, Karaites, Hassidism, Haskalah, Reform.

Jewish Antiquities, or A Course of Lectures on the Three First Books of Godwin's Moses and Aaron. Vol I Only - Concerning Persons
Jennings, David London: Rivington, 1823. 381pp. Chapter headings are: On the Form of the Hebrew Commonwealth, Of the Publicans and Taxes, Israelites and Proselytes, Of the Title Rabbi, Of the Nazarites and Rechabites, of the Assideans and Karraites, Of the Pharisees, Of the Sadduces and Samaritans, Of the Essenes, Of the Gaulonites and Herodians.

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