March 11th, 2004  

Vol.  III - Nu.15

In This Issue

  • The-Samaritans.com Features New Articles

  • The Asatir

  • Israelite High Priests Chain

  • Samaritan Evidence on Elijah

  • Web Links

  • For the Readers Circle


The Samaritan Update,  is a Bi-Weekly Internet Newsletter, a Division of The-Samaritans.com.

Subscription is free via E-mail only.

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Editor: Shomron

Co-Editor: Osher    

                  Sassoni

Staff Writer:

Staff Photographer:    

               Eyal Cohen

Staff Translator:

            Guy Tsabary

Special Contributors:

A. B. - Samaritan News

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Sunset Times for Central Israel calculated by Abraham Cohen from Holon

Sabbaths

begins Friday March. 12th, 5:46pm to Saturday 13th, 5:47 p.m.

19th 5:50pm- 20th 5:51pm


Samaritan Calendar

of Festivals

Samaritan Calendar

of Festivals

Passover Sacrifice: May 3rd, 2004

Passover: May 4th

Days of Unleavened Bread: May 4-10th

Pilgrimage: May 10th

 


Samaritan

Studies and Related Conferences:

 

In Planning Stage

SES:In Haifa, July 5-8, 2004 organised by Menahem Mor, and a session at the EABS in Grooningen, July 25-28, 2004 organized by Ingrid Hjelm


Plan on buying a Book? Buy through us and support our main website: www.the-samaritans.com

The-Samaritans.com Features New Articles

   As busy as Samaritan-Israelite Osher Sassoni is, he took the time and added to the website, www.the-samaritans.com some new photos and articles. Among the articles you will find, The High Priest, Shalom, son of Amram, son of Issac has passed away. (1922-2004)by Osher Sassoni. May Shalom rest in Peace! Along with the article are some new photos not seen in the Samaritan Update of the the funeral march.

Also, photos of this year's snow on mount Gerizim. Thank you for the photos Oded Cohen, who is a Samaritan-Israelite living on the mount.

One of the new articles added to the website is Samaritanism and the Genesis of Christianity by Stephan Huller. It is a very interesting article, especially exciting for Christians. The work reflects what Huller calls Samaritan Christianity.

A wonderful article, The Samaritans: Strategies for Survival of an Ethno religious Minority in the Twenty First Century by Sean Ireton is now online at the website. This is a must read for all that study the Samaritan-Israelites.

Reflections on the Relationship between Qumran and Samaritan Messianology by: Ferdinand Dexinger is the last of the new articles. It is a very beneficial article on the future prophet like Moses in relation between Qumran and the Samaritan-Israelites. A must read!

We wish to say 'thank you' for all contributions to the-Samaritans.com. Our main goal is to give everyone the chance to learn about the Samaritan-Israelites. While some articles may appear to be critical of the Samaritan-Israelites, much can be learned from them also. For in understanding a situation, both sides of an argument must be observed. Education and understanding remains the focus at www.the-Samaritans.com

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Announcement:

The call for papers is closed for the Samaritan related session at the EABS

in Grooningen, July 25-28, 2004 organized by Ingrid Hjelm.

Dr. Hjelm will be announcing the program when available.

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Section from The Asatir,

The Samaritan Book of the Secrets of Moses

Together with the Pitron or Samaritan Commentary

Written and translated by Moses Gaster, 1927. The Asatir- Pg. 261 to 270

Chapter VIII. [Birth of Moses]

And after the death of Abraham, Ishmael reigned twenty seven years. And all the children of Nebaot ruled for one year in the lifetime of Ishmael, and for thirty years after his death from the river of Egypt to the river Euphrates; and they built Mecca. For thus it is said "As thou goest towards Ashur before all his brethren he lay." Elifas the son of Esau fought with the children of Ishmael and they produced their (page 264) genealogical claim to the kingdom and the division by Noah. And they found that Esau was associated with Ishmael and they put the sons of Mahlat on the same level as the sons of Ishmael. And this is the word which was spoken, "And he will be "fari Edom" and Esau is Edom. And the children of Adah and Aholibamah belonged to the generation of Canaan. And there came and ruled over them with might Bela the son of Joktan, Jobab of the sons of Keture. And after all these words, when Abraham heard that there was war between the people of Ashur and Joktan, he was seized with a great fear. (And after that ruled) Husham from Moab and Shamlah of Elam, and Saul from the sons of Nahor, Baalhanan from Elam. (page 266) Hadad of the sons of Eliezer and his dwelling place was Betad which is Forikh. And the name of his wife was Mehetabel daughter of Matred of Japhet of the Kittim. Jacob was eighty years old when he went to Haran. Joseph was seventeen years and eight months old when he went down to Egypt. The Pharaoh of Joseph was of Ishmael and the Pharaoh of Moses was from Japhet of the Kittim the servant of the Rodanim. Pharaoh the son of Gotis the son of Atiss son of Rbtt son of Gosis son of Rims son of Ktim son of Javan, (page 268) Who   learnt the Book of Signs in great babylon, and he came from Gifna and went to Niniveh. And he heard that Joseph was king of Egypt. And he (Pharaoh) dwelt there three years and a month and then he went to Damascus and from Damascus to Gezurah and that is 'Akushim and he tarried there sixty years. And Joseph and all his brothers died. And the kingdom of Ishmael was changed and that of Amalek began to take place.

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Israelite High Priests Chain

We have been receiving requests for the chain of the High Priests of the Samaritan-Israelites, so here is a beginning, starting from Aaron, the brother of Moses.

Aaron b. Amram

Eleazar b. Aaron b. Amram

Phinhas b. Eleazar b. Aaron b. Amram

Abisha b. Phinhas b. Eleazar b. Aaron b. Amram

Shishai b. Abisha b. Phinhas b. Aaron b. Amram

Bahqi b. Shishai b. Abisha b. Phinhas b. Aaron b. Amram

Uzzi b. Bahqi b. Shishai b. Abisha b. Phinhas b. Aaron b. Amram

Shishai b. Uzzi b. Bahqi b. Shishai b. Abisha b. Phinhas b. Aaron b. Amram

Bahqi b. Shishai b. Uzzi b. Bahqi b. Shishai b. Abisha b. Phinhas b. Aaron b. Amram

Shebhet b. Bahqi b. Shishai b. Uzzi b. Bahqi b. Shishai b. Abisha b. Phinhas b. Aaron

Shallum b. Shebhet b. Bahqi b. Shishai b. Uzzi b. Bahqi b. Shishai b. Abisha

Hezekiah b. Shallum b. Shebhet b. Bahqi b. Shishai b. Uzzi b. Bahqi b. Shishai

Jehonathan b. Hezekiah b. Shallum b. Shebhet b. Bahqi b. Shishai b. Uzzi b. Bahqi

Jair b. Jehonathan b. Hezekiah b. Shallum b. Shebhet b. Bahqi b. Shishai b. Uzzi

Daliah b. Jair b. Jehonathan b. Hezekiah b. Shallum b. Shebhet b. Bahqi b. Shishai

Jair b. Daliah b. Jair b. Jehonathan b. Hezekiah b. Shallum b. Shebhet b. Bahqi

Jehonathan b. Jair b. Daliah b. Jair b. Jehonathan b. Hezekiah b. Shallum b. Shebhet

Ishmael b. Jehonathan b. Jair b. Daliah b. Jair b. Jehonathan b. Hezekiah b. Shallum

Tobiah b. Ishmael b. Jehonathan b. Jair b. Daliah b. Jair b. Jehonathan b. Hezekiah

Zadok b. Tobiah b. Ishmael b. Jehonathan b. Jair b. Daliah b. Jair b. Jehonathan

Amram b. Zadok b. Tobiah b. Ishmael b. Jehonathan b. Jair b. Daliah b. Jair

Hilkiah b. Amram b. Zadok b. Tobiah b. Ishmael b. Jehonathan b. Jair b. Daliah

Amram b. Hilkiah b. Amram b. Zadok b. Tobiah b. Ishmael b. Jehonathan b. Jair

Aqob b. Amram b. Hilkiah b. Amram b. Zadok b. Tobiah b. Ishmael b. Jehonathan

Aqbiah b. Aqob b. Amram b. Hilkiah b. Amram b. Zadok b. Tobiah b. Ishmael

Halel b. Aqbiah b. Aqob b. Amram b. Hilkiah b. Amram b. Zadok b. Tobiah

Seriah b. Halel b. Aqbiah b. Aqob b. Amram b. Hilkiah b. Amram b. Zadok

Levi b. Seriah b. Halel b. Aqbiah b. Aqob b. Amram b. Hilkiah b. Amram

Nathanel b. Levi b. Seriah b. Halel b. Aqbiah b. Aqob b. Amram b. Hilkiah

(b. means ben, means 'son of') (Nethanel is the High Priest in the time of Nebuchanezzar)

Samaritan Evidence on Elijah

By Shomron

Samaritan-Israelite chronicles do indeed give reference to the Old Testament self-proclaimed prophet, Elijah. These sources also call him by the name of Hananiah. But he is Elijah, the Tishbite of Tishbe in Gilead.  Elijah, in I Kings, does not have a glorious attitude in Samaritan Chronicles. He is clearly shown in a more selfish personality. The story of the widow and her son takes a different turn with the appearance of Elijah.

When Elijah appears in Zarephath, at the door of the widow and asks for food, the widow informed him that they have so little that she and her son needed it for them that they not die. He informs her that they all three shall eat it and it would be good. So she made the meal and Elijah ate it all and then left the widow and her son. And the son of the widow did in fact die. This is how the Samaritan chronicles recalls the story.

According to I Kings 17, Elijah restored life to the boy and they ate for a long period. How is it that this self-proclaimed prophet, Elijah, could have such power to restore life. Moses could not even dare to suggest such a thing. If Elijah was a real prophet, how is it that the boy died to begin with? But even if the boy had been restored to life, how long was it till he died after Elijah left the house? How is it that Elijah did not receive water from a rock or manna from heaven rather than eat the last small remains of a widow's storage jar?

The Samaritan-Israelite chronicles further informs us that when Elijah was fleeing from King Ahab, the son of Omri, Elijah fell into the Jordan and died. According to II Kings 2, Elijah went up in a whirlwind to heaven. Elisha had the perfect excuse for the death of Elijah and moreover, he claimed secession to Elijah. It would have been hard to explain the death of Elijah in the Jordan river! Even if the story of Elijah were true according to II Kings, it would go against Torah, for it says, 'till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return" (Genesis 3:19). Even Moses, the deliverer of Israel died. 'And the Lord said unto Moses, behold, thy days approach that thou must die" (Deuteronomy 32:14). There was no shining of the face of Elijah as the shining of the face of Moses.

If in fact, that Elijah did give to Elisha a double portion of power (II Kings 2:9), how is it that he died (II Kings 13:20)? How is it that he did not receive a whirlwind death?

Evidence of Elisha from the Samaritan Chronicles can be summarized. And in the days of Elisha, the successor of Elijah, whom was said to have the power, fled from the king of Israel with his disciples to another land. His power must not have been that great!

There is no evidence to show that Elijah or Elisha were greater than Moses. Moses took the people and gave them a covenant, performed miracles that all seen. Elijah never came close. But Elijah has taken the place of Moses in some of today's views. Jews and some Christians use Elijah in Passover ceremonies replacing Moses in the scene of the Exodus. How is it that this Elijah takes a seat in the Jewish Haggadic works. Elijah had nothing to do with the Passover of the Israelites yet in the Passover seder of the Jews, they have a cup for him. In Jewish circumcisions they have a chair. They call Elijah the prophet, 'the angel of the Covenant.' But Elijah never made a covenant with all the Israelites like Moses had.

The Samaritan-Israelites do not recognize Elijah as a true prophet but he is recognized as a false prophet. No recognition of Elijah is to be found in any Passover celebration amongst the Samaritan-Israelites to this day.

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Web Links:

Mount Zion Books / Sifrei Har Tzion Video Bonanza! BEILA RABINOWITZ-- A Samaritan Passover Sacrifice (#353) http://www.zionbooks.com/topvn0.htm

There were also incidental additions, such as the Ghassanids' sale of their Samaritan captives as slaves http://38.144.92.98/cgi-bin/WebObjects/WhosOnline?SID=&loggedin=

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For the Readers Circle:

The Ya'qubi Translation Project
Miami University, Oxford, OH
Matthew D. Gordon, Project Director

A four-volume, annotated translation of the History, the Geography, and a short political essay by the late ninth-century Muslim scholar al-Ya'qubi, works that provide rich information about early Islamic politics, culture, and thought. A 2 year project.

(Ya'qubi, a Muslim wrote in 892 of the existence of Samaritans in Nablus and Ramla.) http://www.neh.gov/news/awards/collaborative2003.html


 Studies in Aramaic poetry (c. 100 B.C.E.-c.600 C.E.) Rodrigues Pereira, Alphons S. (Alphons Samuel), 1923- : selected Jewish, Christian and Samaritan poems / A.S. Rodrigues Pereira. -- Assen, Netherlands : Van Gorcum, 1997.      viii, 456 p. ; 24 cm. (Studia Semitica Neerlandica ; 34)
Includes bibliographical references (p. [291]-301)
Subject: Aramaic poetry -- History and criticism. Bible. O.T. -- Paraphrases, Aramaic. Syriac poetry -- History and criticism. Ephraem, Syrus, Saint, 303-373. Samaritan religious poetry -- History and criticism. Aramaic poetry. Aramaic poetry -- Translations into English. Syriac poetry. Syriac poetry -- Translations into English. Samaritan religious poetry. Samaritan religious poetry -- Translations into English. Cairo Genizah. http://www.lib.ohio-state.edu/jdc/100898.html

 

Personalities - M.Y. Berdichevsky: Sinai and Gerizim

The Department for Jewish Zionist Education

In his book, Sinai and Gerizim, which was translated into Hebrew in 5723 (1962/3), Berdichevsky claimed, based on the Bible, its translations and its commentaries, that Samaritan tradition predates Jewish tradition.

Read more at the link: http://www.jafi.org.il/education/torani/nehardeah/reeh.html

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