All the Days of Our Lives”
November / December 2018 Vol. XVIII - No 2
In This Issue ·
Shehadeh articles ·
of Fragments ·
on the Collection ·
lost in fire ·
New Publications ·
In This Issue
· Samaritan Medal
· 5 Shehadeh articles
· Rediscovery of Fragments
· More on the Collection
· Scroll lost in fire
· Samaritans Project
· Youth Program
· New Publications
2018, the Samaritan Community number 810.
It has been 3657 years since the entrance into the Holy Land which happened on the Sixth Month of the Hebrew Year.
(Samaritan’s typical calendar)
The Tenth Month 3657 - January 5, 2019
The Eleventh Month 3657 - February 4, 2019
The Twelfth Month 3657 - March 6, 2019
The First Month 3657 - April 4, 2019
Passover Sacrifice - April 18, 2019
Professor Robert T. Anderson of Michigan State University Has Passed
Professor emeritus Elizabeth Lathrop Anderson for 67 years. Robert was the father of David and Rondi Anderson, and the brother of Paul Anderson. He was the grandfather of Shakti, Austin, and Ally Anderson. from the Michigan State University, passed away on December 20, 2018, in East Lansing, Michigan, at 90 years old. Anderson was married to
(Image left from the Lansing State Journal, 30 Jan. 1960, page 12)
(Image below right from Lansing State Journal, 21 March, 1970 page 8.)
Anderson received his bachelor's degree at Syracuse University and his doctoral and seminary degrees at Boston University. He joined the MSU faculty in 1957 and in 1965 was an assistant professor of religion. He served as Professor and Chairman of the Religious Studies Department at beginning in 1970. From 1957 until 1998, he taught courses on Biblical literature. His research focused on Samaritan texts, and his books include Studies in Samaritan Manuscripts and Artifacts and The Samaritan Pentateuch (with Terry Giles).
2008, a grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities was given for the
to digitize 20 pages from two of MSU Libraries’ three Israelite Samaritan Pentateuchs.’ Robert Anderson was on the advisory Committee.
Anderson wrote many research articles, but the highlight of his studies were his books on the Samaritans and studies. Anderson wrote Studies in and he co-wrote with Terry Giles, , and He wrote the well-known articles, in The Biblical Archaeologist, March, 1984 and in The Biblical Archaeologist June, 1991, pp. 104-107.
From 2003 to 2010, Prof. Anderson worked with Samaritan Benyamim Tsedaka on the Samaritan Collection. Professor Anderson for his contribution to the world on Samaritan research received the Samaritan Medal for Academic Achievement in 2010, in a special ceremony, given from the hands of Benyamim Tsedaka.
Sign the guest book and leave your message:
Gary Knoppers of Notre Dame has Passed Away
Gerald Neil Knoppers 62, (1956-2018) passed away on Saturday, December 22, 2018 from pancreatic cancer.
He wrote a number of books and articles, yet he will be remembered for his Samaritan studies, including his book, (Oxford University Press, 2013)
Gary is survived by his wife and partner, Laura; his children, Theresa “Teres” and David; brothers and sisters, Jake (Jocelyne), Annelies, Bastian (Joan), Bartha (Daniel), and Nick (Joanne); sisters- and brothers-in-law, Marilee, Tim (Melinda), Naomi (Brad), Joel, Sara (Dan), and Marcia (Kevin); and many nieces and nephews. He was preceded in death by his parents, Nicolaas and Barthie Knoppers.
Obituary at the
Samaritan Medal given to Minister Ze'ev Elkin
On Tuesday, December 11 2018, an impressive ceremony was held in the presence of guests and the body of the Samaritan community.
The Samaritan Medal Foundation was founded in Washington, D.C. in 2005. Every year, the foundation awards a medal for prominent activists in the Middle East and in the world concerning peace, humanity and Samaritan studies.
Jerusalem Jewish Film Festival 2018
Monday 03.12.18 20:30 at the Cinematheque 2 Samaritan
France 2018 | 52 minutes | Arabic, Hebrew, English | Hebrew, Arabic subtitles
Samaritans are a unique minority in the Middle East. With stand-alone religious status in Israel, the Samaritans are the world’s only holders of Israeli-Palestinian dual nationality. Located in the in the West Bank’s Mount Gerezim and in close proximity to the city of Nablus, today’s Samaritan community has only 780 members left, and is currently on the verge of extinction. Julien Menanteau’s gentle and perceptive camera succeeds in capturing a unique people and culture, a minority torn apart by its paradoxical identity, seeking to form a bridge between Israelis and Palestinians.
Dir.: Julienne Menanteau Prod.: Maud Huynh Source: Gloria Films, Paris
5 Articles from Heseeb Shehadeh
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The Rediscovery of Donated Samaritan Fragments to the Congregational Library in Boston
Researched by the Editor of the Samaritan Update
I n September, I had sent an email to Robert Anderson of Michigan State University concerning the Samaritan Chamberlian-Warren collection. His wife of 67 years, Elizabeth Anderson (image left) wrote back and informed me, ‘This summer the local United Church of Christ Conference Minister, Campbell Lovett, wrote us that a library has several single pages from unidentifiable Samaritan Scrolls.’
Thank you Elizabeth Anderson and Campbell Lovett for sharing this interesting information.
Tom Clark (image left) replied with an email with a contact of Sara Trotta.
‘During our inventory of the Pratt collection earlier this year, my assistant Brittnee discovered the two fragments taped into the back of Pratt's personally illuminated Old and New Testaments. We knew these fragments had been part of Pratt's collection.
The 2 leaves of the Samaritan Pentateuch were taped into the back of the old testament with this caption: "Fragment of Samaritan Pentateuch Numbers 28:16, 32:23 to 42. It is supposedly be 800 or 900 years old [13th or 14th c.]". This is the fragments discussed in the article by Isaac Hall in one of Pratt's scrapbooks. The second fragment is significantly smaller, found taped in the New Testament, yet not Samaritan.”
The Samaritan fragments are identified with the number library reference Pratt- MS4353.S1, and are currently displayed in the collection in the Pratt Room, named for him in 1899.
There are a total of 4 pages (bifolio) on parchment. On the first folio is Numbers 27:23a- 28:8 and 28:8-15. The second folio is Numbers 32:23-31 and 32:32 -42.
The folios are approximately 3.5” (88.9 mm) wide x 4.5” (114.3 mm)
tall with the written area of 3” (78 mm) high x 2.5” (65 mm) wide. The
dimensions correspond with the written record in the following book by Sereno Brainard Pratt in the description of the fragments on page 5 of
The image to the left is the Samaritan fragment with the section of Numbers 32:23-31.
Samaritan Benyamim Tsedaka informs us that ‘Since it is written on parchment it could not be later than the 16th century.’
Prof. Dr. Stefan Schorch
of Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg says: ‘It is clear that the leaves once belonged to one of the small scale Torah codexes (an exemplar of the same type from the Valmadonna collection  was sold by Sotheby's in New York 2015). Manuscripts of this type were mostly written in the 14th century.’
Image to the right is the card found in the book identifying the Samaritan fragments.
William Hayes Ward is said to have obtained the fragments from a Jew who purchased it in Jerusalem, fifty or so years before the article was written. No evidence has been found yet as to who the Jewish man was that sold the fragments.
If you wish to study the fragments, in the S. Brainard Pratt Collection, please contact Tom Clark (firstname.lastname@example.org).
More on the Collection
There is mention of the gift to the library by Pratt in the on page 274, No. 45, Nov. 1922.
Pratt was a prolific collector of Bibles and religious artifacts. We have a scroll in Hebrew of the Book of Ecclesiastes. This scroll is primarily made of wood and parchment. The scroll was procured for Pratt through the U.S. Consulate in Jerusalem.
It also says that Turnbull purchased a roll of Genesis (most likely Jewish) from M.W. Shapiri’s Jerusalem shop. Shapiri was a business friend of Jacob Shellaby, known for selling manuscripts and at least one known fake. This is likely the source of the fragments in the Pratt collection.
But there is a problem with the name Rev. H.C. Turnbull, It is believed that the name was transcribed incorrectly and the name should have read Rev. H.C. Trumbull. Trumbull was (1830-1903), author and editor of the Sunday School Times. Trumbull had visited Palestine in 1881 and wrote (Phil. 1894). While there is watched and recorded the Samaritan Passover while meeting the Samaritan High Priest Jacob. There is no written evidence that he obtained a Samaritan fragment at that time, but it is possible.
Rev. Dr. Selah Merrill and Rev. H.C. Turnbull appears to have made purchases for Pratt, according to a newspaper article in The Inter Ocean (Chicago, Cook, Illinois) 1 March 1890 (Saturday) with the title ‘Bibles of All Ages.’
Sereno Brainard Pratt (1826-1903) was born in Westmoreland, New York. He was the son of Rufus Pratt (1827-1903) and Bethiah (Loring) Pratt. Rufus’ brother was Parsons Stewart Pratt. Sereno married Ellen, of Ipswich on Jan. 16, 1866.
Pratt was a local businessman, owner of S. Brainard Pratt & Co., knit goods manufacturers, and Pratt, Porter & Co. He was founder and president of the Bible Illuminators’ Guild, library director of the American Congregational Association (1881-1899) and avid collector of 300 Bibles and biblical literature. He was also a member of the New-England Historic Genealogical Society, member of the General Association of the Congregational Churches of Massachusetts (served on committees).
He graduated from Phillips Academy, Andover, in 1852, Amherst College in 1856, and the Andover Theological Seminary in 1859. He served as pastor of a church at Oskaloosa, Kans. in 1859-60, and as professor of Latin at Ripon College in Wisconsin(1865–68). He joined the editorial staff of the New York Independent in 1868 and remained with the Independent thereafter, rising by degrees to editor in chief (1896–1913), and then honorary editor. He directed the Wolfe Expedition to Babylonia (1884–85) and was twice president of the American Oriental Society (1890–94 and 1909–10).
See a fuller bio here.
Ward let Hall examine and write on the fragments
Isaac Hollister Hall (December 12, 1837 – July 2, 1896) was an Orientalist.
He was born in Norwalk, Connecticut. He graduated at Hamilton College in 1859, was a tutor there in 1859–1863, graduated from Columbia Law School in 1865, practiced law in New York City until 1875, and, during 1875–1877, taught in the Syrian Protestant College at Beirut (there in 1876-77), where he discovered a valuable Syriac manuscript of the Philoxenian version of a large part of the New Testament, which he published in part in facsimile in 1884.
He worked with Diplomat / General Luigi Palma di Cesnola (1832-1904) in classifying the famous Cypriote collection in the Metropolitan Museum of New York City, and was a curator of that museum from 1885 until his death in Mount Vernon, New York, on 2 July 1896. Hall was vice-President and Director of the American Oriental Society.
Hall, Isaac H. #2078 , Journal of the American Oriental Society, Volume 11 Number 1. New Haven: For the American Oriental Society, Printed by Tuttle, Morkhouse & Taylor 1882 Committee of Publication Of the American Oriental Society For the Years 1880-82. by Prof. Isaac H. Hall, of Philadelphia; presented by Prof. Toy.
An interesting notice: Isaac H. Hall, William H. Ward and H.C. Trumbull were all members of the American Oriental Association. Also, H.C. Trumbull and Selah Merrill (also connected with Samaritan MMS) were both army chaplains during the US Civil War.
In the article ‘On a Manuscript Fragment of the Samaritan Pentateuch, by Prof. Isaac H. Hall, of Philadelphia; presented by Prof. Toy.’
‘Some days ago, through the kind offices of Rev. Dr. W. Hayes Ward, I came into possession of a parchment folio, or pair of leaves, written in the Samaritan character, quite old, and somewhat obscure. It was obtained from a Jew, who stated that he brought it from Jerusalem fifty years ago.’
See the article for , Saturday, 29 August 1908, Vol. 88, no. 35, p. 294
Lot 39 Dreweatts Auctions
LEAF FROM A BIBLE (PENTATEUCH), IN SAMARITAN, FROM A MANUSCRIPT CODEX ON PARCHMENT [ISRAEL (PERHAPS MOUNT NABLUS), PROBABLY THIRTEENTH OR FOURTEENTH CENTURY]
ESTIMATE £8000 - £12000 [did not sell]
Leaf from a Bible (Pentateuch), in Samaritan, from a manuscript codex on parchment [Israel (perhaps Mount Nablus), probably thirteenth or fourteenth century]
Samaritan is one of the very rarest of Biblical scripts. The Samaritans themselves broke away from the religious practices that would later crystallise into Judaism, some two and a half millennia ago. The historical writings of the Samaritans claim that they are descended from the Northern Israelite tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh, who after the twelve tribes of Israel conquered the land of Canaan, split from this group to follow a priest named Eli who established a tabernacle on Mount Gerizim separate from that erected by Moses in the desert. Archaeological excavations at Mount Gerizim indicate that a Samaritan temple was built there c. 330 BC. as a rival to that in Jerusalem, and the schism was certainly complete by the end of that century. The mountain of Gerizim in Israel is still home to the surviving adherents of the sect, now less than a thousand in number, and the mountain continues to be central to their worship and beliefs.
Like the Jews, the Samaritans venerate the Torah, but with a text with many textual variants from the Masoretic one. The Dead Sea Scrolls bear witness to the existence of at least three textual Pentateuch traditions in these centuries, and that now seen in the Samaritan Pentateuch broke away from the other traditions in the Hasmonean period (second century BC). This recension differs on numerous occasions from the Masoretic text, and interestingly, in approximately two thousand of these instances the Septuagint agrees with the Samaritan text, not the Masoretic one. Samaritan script itself is directly derived from the paleo-Hebrew alphabet used in the days of the First Temple, and the decisive break between it and modern Hebrew happened by the end of the Bar Kokhba revolt in 135 AD.
As is suggested by the lowliness of the Good Samaritan in Christ’s parable, the subsequent history of the Samaritans is mainly one of persecution. They suffered under Roman rule as Samaria fell under Judean control, endured massacres and mass enslavements under the Byzantines, and Mamluk invasion of some of their sacred lands. By 1300 the numbers of the Samaritan community appear to have dwindled to about a thousand people in the city of Nablus at the foot of Mount Gezarim. Paradoxically, it was this period when they faced near-extinction that saw intense religious and literary activity.
They are of great rarity on the market, with recent examples in Sothebys, 29 June 2007, lot 31 (parallel Hebrew-Arabic Pentateuch codex in Samaritan script, dated 1504; sold for £81,600), the Schøyen sale, 10 July 2012, lot 13 (two bifolio with Leviticus, probably of late twelfth century; est. £15,000-20,000), Sothebys, New York Judaica sale, 19 December 2007, lot 124 (fourteenth-century codex of Homilies and Sermons, with some written in Paleo-Hebrew/Samaritan; sold $25,000); and most recently the Valmadonna Sale, 22 December 2015, lot 1 (mid-twelfth-century Torah Scroll in Samaritan script; sold $162,500), and lot 2 (fifteenth-century Pentateuch codex; sold $87,500); and only a tiny handful remain in private hands.
A Note Concerning this Fragment:
BL Hebrew Project
Published #HebrewProject Phase 2: Dec. 17
, 19th century Samaritan Targum of Genesis
Samaritan Scroll lost in Fire in 1930
A Samaritan scroll was said to have been in the Oriental Library of St. Bonaventure College when it was destroyed by fire on May 5th, 1930. The fire started apparently from defective electrical wiring.
Rev. Thomas Plassmann, president of the College told the reporter of The Olean Evening Times, Friday, August 22, 1930, on page eleven;
‘Next in value, perhaps, was a manuscript scroll containing the entire book of Genesis, in Samaritan script. Father Thomas obtained this scroll from the high priest of the Samaritans in their holy city of Nablus, which is the ancient Schechem. The manuscript was copied from the original the famous Codex Samaritanus, by the son of the high priest, especially for Father Thomas. The Codex Samaritanus is preserved with great care and regarded with deep religious devotion by the Samaritans, and the scroll lost in the fire was probably the only one of its kind in America.’
The College is now ST. BONAVENTURE UNIVERSITY, 3261 West State Road, St. Bonaventure, NY 14778
To confirm that this was a Samaritan scroll, a search of old newspaper articles find the following;
‘Interspersing the general thread of discourse were enjoyable personal incidents related by Father Plassmann, as when he described his visit to the village of descendants of the ancient Samaria, kin to the woman with whom ….. to hold converse at the well.’ In the article ‘Father Plassmann’s Third Lecture’ from Catholic Union and Times (Buffalo, New York) 03 Feb 1916 Thu page 1.
This is the only evidence that I was able to locate or confirm, but it appears that when Thomas Plassmann (1879-1959) was young, he may well have visited the Samaritans before 1915. After reading a brief bio, it is hard to believe he had time to visit the Holy Land.
[Photographic reproduction of a roll of the Samaritan Pentateuch].
Uniform title Bible. Pentateuch. Samaritan. Ms. 1000.
Description: 1 online resource (127 columns on 43 leaves)
Series: University of Chicago Digital Preservation Collection.
Subject: Manuscripts, Samaritan.
Format E-Resource, Book
URL for this record http://pi.lib.uchicago.edu/1001/cat/bib/11401376
According to F. v. Gall, Der hebräische Pentateuch der
Samaritaner, p. xcii, the ms. is hardly older than the fifteenth century.
Open access Unrestricted online access
Electronic reproduction. Chicago : University of Chicago Library,  (University of Chicago Digital Preservation Collection)
Master and use copy. Digital Master created according to Benchmark for Faithful Digital Reproductions of Monographs and Serials. Version 1. Digital Library Federation, December 2002
digitized 2018 University of Chicago Library committed to preserve
See the scroll here.
Download available at link
Center for Israel Studies--Israelite Samaritans Project
The Israelite Samaritans Project of the will culminate in a major Hebrew language documentary, a travelling exhibition developed with (opening Spring, 2021), conferences, commentaries, courses and student field work with the Samaritans.
The first two events of this international collaboration took place at the University in November, 2018. On Tuesday, November 13, Benyamim Tsedeka, director of A-B Center for Samaritan Studies in Holon, Israel, spoke on the history and traditions of the Samaritans in , where he spoke about the traditions of these descendants of the northern tribes of Israel and their connection to manuscripts housed in the library’s Special Collections.
See more details at
Youth Program in Jericho: The Youth of a Nation are the Trustees of Prosperity
Wednesday, 26 September 2018
Written by Mohamad Jamous, Palestinian Director
Our meeting today was one of the most beautiful meetings in the West Bank because of the very important presence of the youth groups that came from many different cities in the West Bank.
Among the guests who came to the meeting were:
Ehab Tal and Yakob al-Kahen from the Samaritan community in Nablus
Jeries Awwad, the patron of the Latin Church in Bethlehem
Makram Rubel, Director of the Christian denomination Association (Love Does Not Fall) in Egypt
Ziad Sabatin, Director of Youth Groups for Peace in Bethlehem
Sheikh Abdul Salam al-Manasra, the Sheikh of the Qadiri order in the Holy Land
Read the full article:
Image from Jac Samri (Facebook) Nov. 21, 2018
1920-2018, we return after almost a hundred years to the remains of the oldest Samaritan synagogue in the city of Nablus, and the question is why it is in neglect and why leave such a place without any rehabilitation and maintenance?
Online Publication Date: 19 Nov 2018
Abstract: For the first time, we provide a comprehensive and annotated list of 74 certain, likely, and possible Greek loanwords in Samaritan Aramaic, paying due attention to the variegated distribution of the loans in the different textual genres and chronological stages of the dialect. Greek loanwords in Jewish and Christian Palestinian Aramaic as well as Rabbinic Hebrew are compared throughout. The study provides insights into the contact situation of Greek and Samaritan Aramaic in Late Antique Palestine. An appendix contains short discussions of 22 additional lexical items for which a Greek etymon has been proposed erroneously.
Legal Innovation in the Samaritan Pentateuch’s Covenant Code
EJ Wilson, DK Geilman - scholarsarchive.byu.edu
Das jhwh -Heiligtum am Garizim: ein archäologischer Befund und seine literar- und theologiegeschichtliche Einordnung
Author: Benedikt Hensel Affiliation: Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz
Publication: Vetus Testamentum, v68 n1 (2018112): 73-93
Summary: No later than the midst of the 5th century the recently discovered sanctuary on Mt.Gerizim was the cultic center of the Samarian Yhwh -worshippers, later known as the Samaritans. The sanctuary was in every way comparable to its counterpart in Jerusalem. The author investigates the question why there is so little mentioning of the sanctuary in the Bible at all; only the location “Mount Gerizim” is mentioned a few times in the Tora. Albeit its obvious absence in the texts, there seem to be several, enciphered mentions of the Samaria sanctuary in the later part of the (Judean) canon (Ketubim and Nebi’im). Altogether they criticize the cult on Mt.Gerizim in this very indirect way. The author explores the texts 2 Kön 17,24-41 and 2 Chr 13 as examples for this enciphering and outlines the character of these polemics and the ideological-theological interest of the Judean authors.
La Samarie, la Diaspora et l'achèvement de la Torah: Territorialités et internationalités dans l'Hexateuque
Author: Nocquet, Dany R
Publisher: Academic Press / Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2017
Edition/Format: Downloadable archival material : French
Summary: L’ouvrage propose une enquête sur les représentations de la territorialité en dehors de la Judée et sur les relations avec les peuples entourant Israël. Les mentions de Sichem, Béthel, des territoires de la Transjordanie, d’Edom, de la Philistie et d’Égypte y sont étudiées attentivement. Cette recherche conduit au constat d’une représentation largement positive de ces territoires et de ces peuples depuis la Genèse jusqu’à Josué. Ces présentations xénophiles et reconnaissantes des autres populations et pays voisins proviennent de milieux producteurs liés aux communautés yahwistes de Samarie ainsi que de la Diaspora de la fin de l’époque perse et du début de la période hellénistique. Prenant en compte les données archéologiques, et en particulier la présence sur le mont Garizim d’un temple yahwiste de la fin du 5ème siècle av. J.-C., l’étude mesure les conséquences littéraires et historiques qu’impliquent de telles représentations pour les notions de pays promis, d’élection, et pour l’achèvement de la Torah.
at Penn Libraries
“Palestine Exploration Fund No. 222" ; also "P.E.F. No. 222 Catalogue p.
Samaritan Pentateuch Manuscripts, Two First-Hand Accounts
Series: Analecta Gorgiana
By Scott W. Watson
Aims and Scope: The three essays in this volume address the physical, historical and literary features of what were at the time two of the very earliest clearly datable manuscripts of the Pentateuch known to exist.
To be published: January 2019
Details: 59 pages
London: Routledge July 1, 2018
Chapter 17, by Monika Schreiber, p. 225-239
Abstract: The Samaritans, an ethno-religious group with roots in antiquity, represent the smallest religious minority in the modern Middle East, with overall population numbers ranging below 800 at the time of this writing. At present, they dwell exclusively in two demarcated residential centers: on their sanctuary Mount Gerizim right above the Palestinian town of Nablus, which has been their traditional hometown until the outbreak of the First Intifada in 1987, and in Holon, a former “development town” on the southern edge of the Tel Aviv area in Israel, where a separate Samaritan neighborhood was founded in the early 1950s. Regarding language and a wide array of social values, food preferences, and other everyday habits, the Nablus Samaritans are clearly an Arab society. The Holon Samaritans, on the other hand, speak Modern Israeli Hebrew and have absorbed much of the daily culture of Israel. Generally though, the linguistic-cultural distinction between the two halves of the community is not easy to draw. The Holonites have preserved a great deal of their Arab cultural legacy, while most Samaritans of Nablus, owing to the community’s close political ties with Israel, are well familiar with modern Israeli culture (Figure 17.1).
Ed. By Jan Dusek
Series: Studia Samaritana 11 Studia Judaica 110
xiv, 341 pages
Aims and Scope
The volume contributes to the knowledge of the Samaritan history, culture and linguistics. Specialists of various fields of research bring a new look on the topics related to the Samaritans and the Hebrew and Arabic written sources, to the Samaritan history in the Roman-Byzantine period as well as to the contemporary issues of the Samaritan community.
by Stefan Schorch (Editor)
A critical edition of the Samaritan Pentateuch is one of the most urgent desiderata of Hebrew Bible research. The present volume on Leviticus is the first out of a series of five meant to fill this gap. The text from the oldest manuscripts of the SP is continuously accompanied by comparative readings, gathered from the Samaritan Targum and the oral reading, as well as MT, the DSS, and the LXX, creating an indispensable resource for Biblical research.
Print Length: 251 pages
Publisher: De Gruyter
Publication Date: July 2018
Language: English, Hebrew
Series: Studia Samaritana 10 Ed.
by Kartveit, Magnar / Knoppers, Gary N.
Aims and Scope: Discoveries on Mount Gerizim and in Qumran demonstrate that the final editing of the Hebrew Bible coincides with the emergence of the Samaritans as one of the different types of Judaisms from the last centuries BCE. This book discusses this new scholarly situation. Scholars working with the Bible, especially the Pentateuch, and experts on the Samaritans approach the topic from the vantage point of their respective fields of expertise. Earlier, scholars who worked with Old Testament/Hebrew Bible studies mostly could TheSamaritanUpdate.com May / June 2018 16 leave the Samaritan material to experts in that area of research, and scholars studying the Samaritan material needed only sporadically to engage in Biblical studies. This is no longer the case: the pre-Samaritan texts from Qumran and the results from the excavations on Mount Gerizim have created an area of study common to the previously separated fields of research. Scholars coming from different directions meet in this new area, and realize that they work on the same questions and with much common material. This volume presents the current state of scholarship in this area and the effects these recent discoveries have for an understanding of this important epoch in the development of the Bible.
Publication Date: July 2018, 214 pages English
Books by Benyamim Tsedaka
A Complete Commentary on the Torah
We are pleased to announce that A.B. Institute of Samaritan Studies is completing preparations for the publication of my fourth major life project, A Complete Commentary On The Torah, based on the Israelite Samaritan Version of the Torah as it has been delivered for the past 125 generations, since it was originally written by Mooshee Ban ’Aamraam [Moses ben ‘Amram] the Prophet of all prophets.
Understanding the Israelite-Samaritans
See his selection of Samaritan writings
Also Subscribe to the A.B. The Samaritan News
See details at https://www.israelite-samaritans.com/samaritan-newspaper/
Samaritan Torah Scroll at the Museum of the Bible
Collection ID SCR.004821
Date ca. 1160
Language Samaritan Hebrew
Medium Parchment, ink
Dimensions 14 × 220 in. (35.6 × 558.8 cm)
Description: For over 2,500 years the Samaritans, a Jewish sect that emerged in the Second Temple Period, have revered the Torah. In fact, the Torah (or Pentateuch) is the only part of the Jewish scriptures that Samaritans use for worship. This scroll was likely written by the scribe Shalmah Ben Abraham around 1160 in Nablus, where many Samaritans still live. It contains Genesis 1:1–Exodus 9:35 in the Samaritan script and is one of the oldest surviving Torah scrolls from the Samaritan religious tradition.
Provenance: Created in Israel ca. 1160 by Shalmah Ben Abraham. Acquired between ca. 1918 and ca. 1932 by David Solomon Sassoon; By descent in 1942 to his son Solomon David Sassoon; Purchased at auction in 1984 by the Valmadonna Trust Library (Jack V. Lunzer); Purchased at auction in 2015 by the Green Collection, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Donated in 2017 to National Christian Foundation (later The Signatry) under the curatorial care of Museum of the Bible.
Notes:  While there is no surviving scribal colophon for this scroll, Samaritan scholar Stefan Schorch has matched this script with another surviving Samaritan scroll containing an embedded colophon with the name of the scribe Shalmah Ben Abraham (The Valmadonna Trust Library sale, Sotheby’s New York, 22 December 2015, Lot 1).  Though the exact date of acquisition is unknown, we can determine an approximate date of purchase between 1918 and 1932. In the preface of his catalog “Ohel Dawid,” David Sassoon mentions that he acquired a majority of his manuscripts after World War I. Also, since it is present in the catalog, we know he acquired the scroll before it was published in 1932 (“Ohel Dawid” 1:xii and “Ohel Dawid,” no. 734, 2:603).  The David Solomon Sassoon sale, Sotheby's New York, 4 December 1984, Lot 94.  The Valmadonna Trust Library sale, Sotheby’s New York, 22 December 2015, Lot 1.
David Stern, "The Jewish Bible: A Material History" (Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2017).
David Solomon Sassoon, "Ohel Dawid, Descriptive Catalogue of the Hebrew and Samaritan Manuscripts," vol. 2 (London: Oxford University Press, 1932).
BIBLICAL CHARACTERS IN THREE TRADITIONS (JUDAISM, CHRISTIANITY, ISLAM)
Description: This seminar approaches biblical literature through its most famous and pivotal characters, for it is around them that the subsequent biblical story is organized and arranged. Moreover, these characters have come to enjoy a life and fame that extends well beyond the basic Old Testament, Miqra, and New Testament, and even into the Qur’an and Islamic oral and written texts. As was demonstrated at the recent Tartu seminar, Samaritan texts and traditions (unfamiliar to many) have a contribution to make to the seminar as well. Our work seeks, among other goals, to facilitate a meaningful and informed dialogue between Jews, Christians, Muslims and Samaritans—foregrounded in the academic study of the treatment of characters across texts and traditions—by providing both an open forum at annual conferences, and by providing through our publications a written reference library to consult. A further goal is to encourage and provide a forum in which new scholarly talent in biblical and related studies may be presented.
Call for papers: Animals have been part of the religious landscape of the Jewish, Christian and Islamic traditions since the very beginning. However, the humanimal relationship can take a variety of forms. For example, Genesis 1 has humans govern over animals; In Genesis 2 God creates animals as help mates for the human, hence equal?; and in Genesis 3 one animal, the snake, proves superior to humans, at least in terms of knowledge. Throughout the three traditions, the enduring tension between humans and animals endures, as the divine, animal, and human realms encroach onto one another: Whereas in the Torah God makes Balaam’s she-ass speaks in a human tongue, in the gospels pigs are possessed by demons; and in the Quran humans become apes and pigs. The place of animals in the three traditions, their status, functions, and relationship with humans on the one hand and God on the other, will be discussed in the seminar this year.
Aramaic studies section is intended to provide a forum for scholars interested
in various aspects of Aramaic language. Previous paper topics have included
aspects of the Targumim, Qumran Aramaic, Peshitta, Samaritan papyri, and
Call for papers: The Aramaic Studies Section invites papers on any aspect of Aramaic language, texts, and culture. We welcome presentations on Targumim, Qumran Aramaic texts, Syriac language and literature, Samaritan papyri, Elephantine Aramaic, magical texts, and other topics. For the 2019 meeting we are also planning a joint session with SBL's International Syriac Language Project, as well as an independent thematic session on women, gender, and family in Aramaic.
Jan Dusek (ed.) The Samaritans in Historical, Cultural and Linguistic Perspectives, Studia Samaritana 11, Studia Judaica 110 (2018):235–244.
‘The Samaritans’ in , No. 571 Vol XXI, April 20, 1922 p. 531-533; No. 572 Vol XXI, April 27, 1922.
Cathedra 144 (2012), 7-20 יונתן בורגל השומרונים בראי הרומאים והשפעת השלטון הרומי על היחסים בין יהודים לשומרונים (Hebrew)
Conversations–PEGLMBS 35 (2015) 181–88.
4 (2015) 162–83
Die Samaritaner und die Bibel: Die Samaritaner in der biblischen Tradition—die jüdische und frühchristliche Geschichte in samaritanischen Quellen, ed. Jörg Frey, Ursula Schattner-Rieser, and Konrad Schmid; Studia Samaritana 7; Berlin: de Gruyter, 2012) 81–118
In Bulletin of the Canadian Society of Biblical Studies/Le société canadienne des études bibliques 64 (2004–5) 5–32; Manu secunda, Studies in Religion/Sciences Religieuses 34/3-4 (2005) 307–36.
Abstract: After the recent excavations by Itzhak Magen on the main summit of Mount Gerizim it has become clear that the Samari(t)an sanctuary stood within a sacred precinct in the Persian and Hellenistic times. So far, no direct evidence of the nature of the sanctuary has been unearthed. The excavator and many contemporary scholars assume it was a temple building. However, some scholars question the accuracy of this assumption and believe that the sanctuary more likely was an altar. This paper reviews both the arguments that speak for an altar and those that speak for a walled and roofed temple. Keywords Samaritans – Mount Gerizim – sanctuary – temple – altar In the 1970s it appeared that the Samaritan sanctuary had been discovered on Tell er-Ras, the lower summit (831 m above sea level) of Mt. Gerizim. According to Robert Bull, the large cube of stones excavated by him and called "Building B" was the Samaritan altar of sacrifice1 or the Samaritan temple.2
Volume: 47, Page Numbers: 1-21, Publication Date: 2016
Publication Name: Journal for the Study of Judaism
Vasilyeva, Olga (National Library of Russia)
Karaite Archives 2 (2014), pp. 201–220
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