November 22nd 2001
Update on the Samaritan
man that was injured in the terrorist attack.
The fifty-year-old Samaritan man that was inured in the attack
recently was Yosef ben Tsadacka Cohen. He is a member of the priestly family
and a cousin to the current High Priest Shalom ben Amram ben Yitzhaq. After
undergoing three operations, Yosef was allowed to return home for final
recovery. He was shot in the abdomen and leg while driving up Mount Gerizim
returning home. It is still undetermined at this time, which party inflicted
the majority of the wounds, the terrorists or the Israeli Army.
complete book of
The Samaritan Chronicle Or The Book of Joshua, the son of Nun.
Written by Oliver Turnbull Crane, M.A., 1890.
You’ll enjoy reading the Samaritan-English edition!
are developing means to cope with the situation
caused by the
Political deterioration in the region.
The Painful blows, which the
Israelis and the Palestinians are inflicting on each other, do not bypass the
Samaritans, who are looking for means to deal with the situation caused by the
political deterioration in the Shomron region. The main attempts are directed
at maintaining a nora\mal routine, despite the aggravation in the political
situation. Members of the community go down the mountain to work in Nablus and
every day children and youth are taken by special buses to schools in the city.
Samaritans from Kiryat Luza who work in Israel risk themselves daily by
traveling to Gush Dan (Tel Aviv and the bordering towns) to make a living.
Access roads to Mt. Gerizim are more and more supervised. The A.B. editor, who
travels each Thursday to the Mountain to conduct courses in history and
Samaritan culture to the young men and women that are the future leading
generation of the community, is often stared at with wonder by many who are
astounded by his strict determination to arrive despite the dangers on the way.
Not a few who live on the
Mountain are finding this situation hard on making a living although many
receive income complement from the Israel's National Insurance. Should the
situation continue to worsen it will have dire implications on the economic
situation of the residents of Kiryat Luza. Nevertheless, the Samaritans are
well received at checkup points by identity checkers, following precise
instructions to the officers in charge of the Israeli and Palestinian
roadblocks. Nowadays traveling is impossible without documentation checkups and
Samaritans who order merchandise for their businesses must present themselves
at the checkup points if they want to receive their goods.
A.B News. Volume 800 page 75
Remember to buy your copy of
the December Issue of National Geographic containing an article on the
Samaritan Passover on Mount Gerizim.
the Book of Enlightenment For the Instruction of the Inquirer.
The Head of the Ninth month as prescribed in the Torah (the first five
began on of the Fifteenth of November. The beginning of the Tenth month
will begin on the Fifteenth of December.
Questions concerning the
Can you tell me about the
The Abisha Scroll of the Samaritans
During the period of Hadrian many of the Samaritan scrolls were
either burnt or stolen, leaving few sources at their deposal. In 1352, the High
Priest Pinhas gave the task of composing a book of Samaritan history to
Abul-Fath. It was completed in 1355.
During the research through all that was left of the Samaritan scrolls, they
found at Nablus, the now famous, the Abisha Scroll. It is written in the scroll
between the columns of Dt.5, 6ff: “I Abisha, the son of Pinhas, the son of
Eleazer, son of Aaron, The Kohen, to whom be the favor of the Lord and his
glory. I have written this the Holy Scroll at the gate of the Tent of the
Assembly on Mount Garizim, Beth El, in the 13th year of the
settlement of the Children of Israel in the land of Canaan. I thank the Lord.”
This Pentateuch of Abisha was written in a form of the palaeo-Hebrew on sewed
lambskin or goat-skin from a peace offering.
There are over 6000 details differing
between the Jewish Masoretic Pentateuch. Most are small variants but in some
cases there are great divisions between the two writes. The most important case
is the word ‘chosen’ that appears, where the Jews have ‘will chose,’ concerning
the sacred place. The Samaritan Pentateuch also contains an additional tenth
commandment, where as the Jewish ten being reckoned nine. This refers to Mount
Gerizim as the Holy Mount. The LXX is said to have as many agreements as 1,900
readings common with the Samaritan Text. Among them is the case of the Jewish
text, Joshua set up an altar on Ebal. In the Samaritan and LXX says the altar
was set up on Gerizim, the blessed mountain where the Tabernacle stood for many
Samaritan religious life emerges from the
whole code of law of the words from the Pentateuch. Nothing can be added to the
written word of the Torah. Therefore the Samaritans are the true keepers of the
Law, the “Shamerim.”
The Samaritans have many times displayed to visitors their most
sacred Scroll over the years. It is not allowed for any one Samaritan to show
the Scroll alone. In the early 1900’s, the Samaritans allowed each page of the
scroll to be photographed. The Scroll bearing traces of its antiquity where
parts have become illegible and some letters have been rewritten.
It has been a controversy to many western scholars through the
years of it authenticity. Many have studied it and wrote much about it. Early
references of the Samaritan Pentateuch can be found in the writings of Origen,
Eusebius of Caesarea, Epiphanius, Cyril of Jerusalem and Jerome, who used it in
translating the Vulgate. Some scholars have wanted pieces of the famous scroll
to perform tests of it legitimacy. But this would not be permissible. John
Usgate in 1734 and others through the years have tried to purchase the Abisha
scroll but to no avail. Many scrolls of the Samaritan Pentateuch have been
collected. Pieto Della purchased scrolls in 1616 that made way to Italy and
Paris. Manuscripts can be found in Rylands Library at the University of
Manchester, the British Museum, the Bibliotheque Nationle, Michigan State
University and few private collections.
There is no current reading of the Samaritan translation of the
Torah in English but one Samaritan is working to remedy this situation and
hopefully will be published soon. Copies of the Samaritan Torah can be obtained
today mainly from the Samaritans in Holon or Mount Gerizim. Racon Tsedaka and
A. b. N. Tsedaka has the Samaritan and Jewish versions of the Torah printed in
parallel columns showing the differences between the two books. There is also
obtainable, a book that does give the pronunciations of the Samaritan dialect
written by Z. Ben-Hayyim.
For further study:
articles section: Mount Gerizim, The One True Sanctuary by Jacob,
son of Aaron, High Priest of the Samaritans.
Mount Gerizim Bet-El and Jerusalem by Israel Tsedaka
Books: The Samaritan Pentateuch and
Origin of the Samaritan Sect by James D. Purvis, Harvard University Press,
Cambridge, Massachusetts 1968.
The Text-Critical Use
of the Septuagint in Biblical Research by Emanuel Tov, Simor Ltd.
The Jewish and
Samaritan Versions of the Pentateuch, Tel Aviv, 1961-1965 [available in
five parts separatum or in one volume.]
The Literary and Oral
Tradition of Hebrew and Aramaic Amongst the Samaritans, Vol. IV The
Words of the Pentateuch by Z. Ben-Hayyim The Academy of the Hebrew
Language, Jerusalem 1977.
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Prayers for all year round according to the Samaritan customs. The prayers are
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The book was copied and translated by Israel Tsedaka. This book was printed in
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