In this Issue
*The beginning of Passover Starts with Prayers
*The Matzos of the Feast of Unleavened Bread
*The Weeks of the Counting of the 'Omer
*The Pressure Between the Samaritans and Their Neighbors in Neot
Yehudith Holon Neighborhood is Rising.
*Samaritan Torah Fragments Written on
To The Samaritan
Update Index or to our Web Site,
The Samaritans.com on the Web
Photos of The
Maintaining The Ritual of Sacrificing the Passover in 1934
Fragments Written on Parchment; from Palestine of the 15th century is
for sale. 4 leaves
comprising 8 pages, archivally bound, collection of David Solomon Sassoon, with
his colophon on 1st and 4th pages. Rare!! More details upon request. Item
Messianic Hope of the Samaritans
By Jacob, Son of
Aaron, High Priest of the Samaritans, 1907
Remains of the Late Emanuel Deutsch
a Brief Memoir, 1874
Return of the Diaspora Samaritans to Nablus at the End of the Middle Ages
Minority in Holy Land, Straddle Religious Divide
By Daniel Williams
Washington Post Foreign Service
Monday, April 9, 2001; Page A13
The Division Between Days
The Evenings with
us number three: first, the going down of the sun in a westerly direction;
second, the immersion of the disk of the sun into the sea; and, third, the disappearance
of the redness of the western skies from the sun.
From Dan to Beersheba
by J. P. Newman
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The Passover Sacrifice Will Take Place
Friday, April 26th .
Beginning of the Passover Starts with Prayers.
Because of the commandment that
no work be permitted on the Sabbath, the sacrifice will take place in the
afternoon before the Sabbath this year. Therefore, the sacrifice will occur
in the afternoon, on Friday. The Samaritans will all dress in white
clothes, “so that no one stands out over the next person”. Only the High
Priests and Elders are allowed to wear different colored garments,
traditional garments of course. The families help the older Elders to their
chairs before the festivities begin. The men each have a cane or a type of
staff along with wearing their sandals .
The Elders of the Community congregate at the High Priest's
house. The oldest man in the community invites the High Priest to the
Passover Sacrifice, being the custom. Upon accepting the offer they all move
with an assembly of people behind to the Passover Sacrificial Center. With
everyone present, chanting of prayers and songs of the Passover began.
As the time grows closer, the men place the gentle lambs between their legs.
The guarded lambs were inspected by the Levites and have been watched over
for a total of 14 days. There will be a total of 37-40 lambs for all the
families of the Samaritans. The audience bleachers will be filled, hopefully,
with visitors to watch the momentous occasion. Israeli troops will as always
be there for protection and they always seem to enjoy being there to view their
ancient history of the exceptional event.
All is quiet as the High Priest recites in Hebrew, Exodus 12:6,
“and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill
it in the evening”. Then finally there will be a loud repetition to the
Priest’s words. It will be the words to make the sacrifice and all the
Samaritans repeated them. At this moment is when the opening in the clouds
will enlarged, giving the acceptance by God of the Sacrifice. If any one
attended this sacrifice this year, please let us know your thoughts. Read
more about the Feasts at our website. (Photo by Shomron, April, 2000)
‘The Celebration of Passover by the Samaritans’
Ya’aqov Ben Uzzi Ha-Cohen
PART 1 of The Book
of Enlightenment For the Instruction of the Inquirer /Jacob,Son of Aaron, (Concerning the origin and
significance of the ceremonial year, the time of the institution of the
Passover and the Passover when the date falls on the Sabbath.)
The Days of Passover with the
Samaritans on Mount Gerizim/Larry Rynearson
The Prophecy of The End Of the
Of Days By The Prophets Of Judah Is Realized
Every Passover At Kiryat Luza/Benjamim Tsedaka
Or visit your
Library and Read: National
Geographic Magazine, Jan. 1920 or The Samaritans
by Reinhard Pummer or read
Edited by Alan Crown
The Matzos of the Feast of Unleavened Bread
On the day before the
Passover, the 13th day of the Samaritan Biblical year matzos
(unleavened bread) is baked. The day prior, all leaven was cleaned from the
houses. Beginning the ancient memorial of baking the Matzos. The dough
is rolled into fist-sized balls. The oven is a 28-inch or so steel shaped
bowl resting upside down over a flame of wood or propane. The men or
ladies pound the dough flat and then flip it from arm to arm like pizza
dough. When the dough is thin and about 18-22-inches in diameter it is placed
on the steel pan to bake. After about 20 seconds, the bread is flipped over
for another 20 or so seconds more. Every now and then water is sprinkled over
the oven to clean the surface of any remnants than may have remained from the
bread. The unleavened bread of wheat and water does not take long to bake. It
is placed then on a stack for the weeks use. The bread is soft and most
enjoyable to eat. It is acceptable to sample the unleavened bread but only
until midnight. Then the bread must sit until the Feast begins. Also from
midnight on till the
seasonal festival is over, no prepared food is permitted by the Samaritans.
Only what is made from natural products are permitted excluding anything
leaven, of course. A treat for the children and even a few adults are
homemade sugar drops. With all the matzos made, it is time to visit the
family, neighbors and friends. Hot tea with sugar or fresh juice is the
general welcome. (top photo: A Matzo Oven,
this one happens to be fueled by
propane.) (bottom photo: Osher's parents preparing the dough for the Matzos.
Shoham has a great smile!) (Both photos taken by Shomron, April, 2000)
The Weeks of the Counting of the 'Omer
The counting of the 'omer
starts on the first Sunday after the Passover Sacrifice making it the 28th of
this month. Then as stated in Leviticus 23:15 of the Samaritan Torah, "And ye
shall count unto you from the marrow after the Sabbath, from the day that ye
brought the sheaf of the wave offering; seven Sabbaths shall be complete."
From the first day of the 'omer, seven weeks are counted and the festival of
Pentecost will be celebrated on Sunday of the eighth week. The names of the
weeks as given in the KS are the following.
1. "Week of the
crossing of the (Red) Sea" (Exodus 14:26-15:21)
2. "Week of the
changing of the water of marah" (Exodus 15:22-26)
3. "Week of elim,
where they found twelve water springs and seventy palm trees" (Exodus
4."Week of the man,
which fell down upon them from heavens in the desert" (Exodus 16.4-36)
5. "Week of the
welling out of water from the rock" (Exodus 17.1-7)
6. "Week of the
battles against 'Amaleq" (Exodus 17.8-17)
7. "Week of standing
at Mt. Sinai" (Exodus 19.1 ff.)
(From the writing of
Sylvia Powels from the book,
edited by Alan Crown.
Wonderful works. Buy
it and read it today.)
The Pressure Between the Samaritans and
Their Neighbors in Neot
Yehudith Holon Neighborhood is Rising.
difference between the traditional life style of the Samaritans and their
secular neighbors from the Neot Yehudith neighborhood yielding negative
effects and is overshadowing their relations. Some of the Samaritan families
at the Neot Yehudith neighborhood are suffering from their neighborhood are
suffering from their neighbors’ social pressure.
The Samaritan families settled in Maalot Street in Neot
Yehudith neighborhood, which is adjacent to the Samaritan quarter, mostly as
they had no other choice. Housing expansion plans for the neighborhood have
now been stuck for nearly two decades between the Holon Municipality and the
Israel land Authority. All the effects to get the plans into momentum were of
This inability to find housing in the Samaritan neighborhood
forced more than 20 young Samaritan couples to look for housing in
neighborhoods adjacent to the Samaritan quarter: Neot Yehudith and Neveh
Arazim. Neveh Arazim is built of single houses whereas in Neot Yehudith the
housing units are in condominiums, which increases the social friction
between the groups.
Conflicts between residents of Neot Yehudith and residents of
the Samaritan neighborhood are not uncommon, particularly among those living
on the bisecting line of the neighborhoods. Those are the obvious consequences
of the distinct difference in the manner of traditional observances on the
Sabbaths. However, the novelty of the situation is in the fact that this
friction is no longer between two neighborhoods but is inside the
neighborhood of Neot Yehudith itself, on the northern edge of Maalot Street.
Residents from Neot Yehudith have begun complaining about the traditional
vestures of the Samaritans on Saturdays. Samaritans perform the reading of
the weekly portion in small groups inside the houses, to enable each prayer
to take place in the reading.
Reading is done by singing out loud, which disturbs the
Sabbath rest of their neighbors who retire to their beds to sleep on
Saturdays after having played cards and partied even into the hours when their
Samaritan neighbors get up for their morning prayers. According to one of
their neighbors the custom of playing cards and organizing parties on Friday
nights into the small hours is customary everywhere in Israel. “And not as
these Samaritans with their red turbans and white garments do”- so she speaks
for many of the Samaritan neighbors. “You, the Samaritans, should adapt
yourselves to our life style and not interrupt our Sabbath rest with your
prayers and your loud conversations after prayers!” There’s also the
phenomenon of voicing derisive remarks on Samaritan customs. Copies of a film
about the Passover Sacrifice of the Samaritans were distributed not long ago
among the residents by one of the neighbors of the Samaritans, which only
increased the ridicule. Should this negative activity continue the Samaritans
will react severely to racial expressions and as in the past, dissatisfied
Jewish neighbors will move to live in another place. (A.B. Services)