All the Days of Our Lives”
July / August 2017 Vol. XVI - No 6
In This Issue ·
Samaritan Medal ·
5 Shehadeh articles ·
Benny’s Tour ·
Facebook Post ·
From The Editor ·
Past Auctions ·
Call for Papers ·
Wikipedia photos ·
Publications · Biblio
In This Issue
· Samaritan Medal
· 5 Shehadeh articles
· Benny’s Tour
· Facebook Post
· From The Editor
· Past Auctions
· Call for Papers
· Wikipedia photos
On January 1, 2017, the Samaritan Community numbered 796.
It has been 3655 years since the entrance into the Holy Land
(Samaritan’s typical calendar)
The Sixth Month 3656 - Monday evening, 21 August 2017
The Seventh Month 3656 - Tuesday evening, 19 September 2017
Festival of the 1st Day of the 7th Month 3656 Wednesday Sept. 20, Day of Atonement Friday Sept. 29, 2017
Festival of Sukkot/ third Pilgrimage Wednesday Oct. 4, 2017
Festival of the Eighth Day Wednesday Oct. 11, 2017
The Eighth Month 3656 - Thursday Evening, 19 October 2017
The Ninth Month 3656 - Friday Evening, 17 November 2017
The Tenth Month 3656 - Sunday Evening, 17 December 2017
The Eleventh Month 3656 - Tuesday Evening, 16 January 2018
The Twelfth Month 3656 - Thursday Evening, 15 February 2018
The Thirteenth Month 3656 - Saturday Evening, 17 March 2018
The First Month 3656 - Sunday Evening, 15 April 2018
Passover Sacrifice: Sunday evening between the sunsets (7:19 pm) 29 April 2018
[Calculated by: Priest Yakkiir ['Aziz] b. High Priest Jacob b. 'Azzi – Kiriat Luza, Mount Gerizim]
Auction at Jerusalem of Gold Ltd.
Samaritan composition on the calculation of the calendar and chronology,
including a list of events and a list of high priests. Written in Nablus
between the years 1920-1930.
The manuscript is incomplete. The chronological lists reach up to the year "five and forty and nine hundred [to the Ishmaelites]", that is the Hijra (the Moslem calendar) - 1538.
Attached is the opinion of Mr. Shlomo Tzuker, a manuscript expert.
Thick paper. Eloquent Samaritan script. Emphases in red and green ink.
Est: $1,000 - $2,000 [book was sold, cannot find purchase amount]
39 pp. 20x12.5 cm. Condition: Very Good. New binding. Link
The First Samaritan Medal
for Peace and Humanitarian Achievements
was Awarded to Mr. Bashar ElMasri - The great Builder
and Establisher of Rawabi, the First Palestinian City
A distinguished Samaritan Delegation came on Wednesday, August 9, 2017 to the Rawabi, the first Palestinian City, between Beer Zeit to Ramalla to the ceremony of awarding its builder and establisher Mr. Bashar ElMasri the first Samaritan Medal for Peace and Humanitarian Achievements.
The Priests Abraham b. Phinhas and Yusef b. Tsedaka headed the delegation with dignitaries of the Mount Gerizim Samaritan Community: Menashe b. Tamim Altif, Yusef b. ’Afif Altif and Chefetz b. Marchiv the Marchivi. Also present Yitzhaq Altif the Secretary of Mount Gerizim Community Committee and its member Ben-Yehuda Altif. Also were Yahav Altif, the witer of this report Benyamim and his brother Yefet b. Ratson Tsedaka.
The High Priest ’Abed-El could not come to the ceremony due to fact that he was not feeling well that day.
The visit started with a short tour in a minibus around the new Palestinian City Rawabi. The delegation was very impressed from what they have seen. The city still in its advanced development and will be complete in a couple of years, high condominiums, shopping center, cultural center, an amphitheater for 15,000 guests, schools, kindergartens, gardens, artificial waterfall etc. The city was built with encouragement from the Government of Israel in a form of the letter Q which is the beginning character of the Principality of Qatar who invested a lot of money in building the city. So far the city populated in only 10% of its capacity which will be complete by 40,000 residents eventually.
The polite Guide Mr. Nassar has mentioned many times the initial obstacles in building Rawabi relating it to no other choice under what so called by him, ”The Israeli Occupation“. The Samaritans are the last to hear such complaints since they are not involved by their own choice in politics unless if the subject is their own concern and reflects on their own political future and existence. But the guide should put his finger on the fact that Rawabi is the only new Palestinian city in the Middle East and in the entire world thanks to Israel‘s policy to let the Palestinians develop their own life by their own hands in dignity and self-confidence, because Israel considers the building of Rawabi as a positive subject.
Priest Abraham b. Phinhas has blessed ElMasri with the blessing of the High Priests as it is written in Numbers, 6:22-27. Mr. Elmasri looked so happy with this special gesture.
Secretary Altif read the document of the rights and qualities of ElMasri to be awarded with the Medal. Mr. Elmasri is the nephew of another great builder Mr. Munib ElMasri a recipient of the Samaritan Medal and great builder like him. In his youth Mr. Bashar Elmasri as a Nablus born studied with young Samaritans. His family moved to America where he specialized in construction of big cities. Then he returned home to help his own people.
The Representative of the Palestinian Authority remarked prominently the better relations between the Palestinian Government and the Samaritans. Then Benyamim Tsedaka awarded the Medal to Mr. ElMasri utilizing the short moments to explain to Elmasri and the Palestinian noble guests as well as the many persons of the press the special status of the Israelite Samaritans as a bridge of peace between the Palestinians and Israel.
The writer said how important is making peace in this region to future of his own people, the Israelite Samaritans. Benyamim remarked specially the remarkable contribution of Bashar ElMasri to achieve peace in the region by giving the wide opportunity to many thousands of Palestinian employees to have their own residence and good jobs to live their life from now on in respect and dignity, which in total serves the idea of honoring Mr. Bashar ElMasri with the Samaritan Medal of Peace and Humanitarian Achievements.
Benyamim said to ElMasri that playing the roll of being a bridge of peace between the two entities caused a big respect by both entities towards the Israelite Samaritans, since the Samaritans give the same respect to Israel and the the Palestinian Authority. Benyamim asked ElMasri to continue with his blessed work to the benefit of his own people.
Mr. Elmasri paid his own gratitude to the Board of the Samaritan Medal Foundation. He said that he is very excited by the idea. He told the audiences about his long friendship with some of the Samaritans on Mount Gerizim. In a couple of months he will head a delegation of the City of Rawabi to Mount Gerizim to check closely some projects of development on the Mountain.
Then all the dignified guests were invited to a special and tasty fish and salads lunch where Elmasri chatted quietly and widely with his Samaritan friends. He laughed loudly when the writer told him that he is so good in welcoming guests as the Samaritans do themselves.
Pictures: Awarding the Samaritan Medal to Mr, Bashar ElMasri
The front page of current issue of the magazine:
A.B. - The Samaritan News
No. 1244-1245 - 1.8.2017 - 100 pages.
brothers Benyamim and Yefet b. Ratson Tsedaka
Bi-Weekly, First published in December 1, 1969
- The National Library in Jerusalm has Donated One Million English Pounds to the British Library in London, England, and One Million Euros to the National Library in Paris, France for Digitizing their Samaritan Manuscripts Collections to Make Them Accessible in their Internet Huge Sites to Every Interested Surfer
- Today starts the Project of the New Contruction of the Main Road Inside Kiriat Luza, Mount Gerizim After the New Construction of Bracha-Kiriat Luza Road is Complete
Picture: A Deteriorated Fragment from an Ancient Samaritan Torah Codex was Found in Cairo Geniza
In the Section in
English: - Connecting Palestinian Authority Samaritans with Israel By: David
Five New Articles from Haseeb Shehadeh
Read more at https://shomron0.tripod.com/articles/ourGodisOne.pdf
Benyamim Tsedaka 2017 Tour
The schedule for the annual world tour of meetings, research and lectures. This year the tour lasts from 12 October to 24 December 2017.
The timetable is flexible, and includes these places:
15 October - Catania, Sicily, ITALY
22 October - London, UK
29 October - São Luís, Maranhão, BRAZIL
5 November - Rio de Janeiro, BRAZIL
12 November - São Paulo, BRAZIL
19 November - Toronto, Montreal, CANADA
26 November - Seattle, WA, USA
3 December - Washington DC, USA
10 December - Burlington, NC, USA
17 December - Cincinnati, OH, USA
24 December - Home
Ezhak Cohen posted a photo on Facebook, August 28, 2017 of the freshly paved roads on Mount Gerizim.
Textual Plurality Beyond the Biblical Texts
International Conference, Metz, October 17-19, 2017
Stefan Schorch: The Samaritan Targumim – How, and How Many of Them?
(Thursday, 19 October 14:20)
Compared with the Masoretic text, manuscripts of the Samaritan Pentateuch attest a considerable amount of variation in many textual details, and the degree of these deviations is considerably higher than in the case of the Masoretic tradition. Thus, unlike MT, the text of the Samaritan Pentateuch has been preserving a certain fluidness. Thanks to a substantial corpus of Samaritan Hebrew manuscripts, this phenomenon can well be studied and described for the period since the 11th century. For earlier times, however, i.e. the period before the 11th century, Hebrew witnesses for the Samaritan Pentateuch are generally absent, apart from a few Samaritan inscriptions with Biblical texts, although some textual data can be infered from the so-called pre-Samaritan manuscripts found at Qumran. Thus, the most important source for our knowledge of the textual data from this period is the Samaritan Targum.
An Aramaic version of the Samaritan Pentateuch emerged first in the 1st‒3rd century CE, but it became subject to a continuous process of textual and linguistic adaption, until Aramaic ceased to be a spoken language among the Samaritans in the 11th century. The extant manuscripts of the Samaritan Targum preserve in fact several stages of this long and complicated textual history, enabling us to use them as secondary witnesses for the reconstruction of the tendencies operative in the Samaritan Hebrew text of the Pentateuch within the “dark age” of absent Hebrew witnesses, which spans between the pre-Samaritan manuscripts from Qumran and the oldest available manuscripts of the Samaritan Pentateuch. The paper will outline this substantial contribution of the Samaritan Targum to the textual history and textual criticism of the Samaritan Pentateuch.
However, in order to better understand the dynamic relationship between the Samaritan Hebrew Pentateuch and the Samaritan Targum, several fundamental questions need to be carefully analyzed, especially the following: – How “literal” was the translation technique attested in the Samaritan Targum, and which exegetical features can be detected ? Do the different manuscript witnesses of the Samaritan Targum relate to one original translation, or do they in fact go back to several translations ?
From the Editor
I have read so many different articles on the Samaritans over the years and seen many obscure information, but I always try to ask questions. Recently I read a short article by Chavoux Luyt;
‘The Samaritan text has a few peculiarities, specifically with regards to where the temple should be. We know that this was a change in order to legitimise their own choice of the temple in a city outside Judah, but near Samaria instead. It only includes the Torah and none of the prophets or other writings. But it is these later books that record the later history of Israel and also makes it clear that it is unlikely for the Samaritan text to be the original. It might have some use in clearing up uncertain parts of the Masoretic text.
Notice: the publication date has changed for:
Volume III, Leviticus, Ed. by Schorch, Stefan To be published: October 2017 Publication Date: 2018 Copyright year: 2018
Lot 34D: Ancient Samaritan Bronze Signet Ring - Byzantine Period
Sold: Log in to view. Artemis Gallery, April 12, 2017. Louisville, CO, US
Item Overview Description: Ancient Near East, Samaritan, Byzantine Period, ca. 5th to 7th century CE. A beautiful cast bronze signet ring with incised Samaritan script. The ring band widens slightly at the inside point. US ring size 8.5
A Samaritan bronze ring with an Old Testament inscription in Samaritan script sold at Christie's New York for $2,629 (Sale 1163, 12 December 2002). Provenance: Ex-Private Florida collection acquired in the 1980's.
Christies sold another ring lot 324, years before
Christies does not appear to have sold any Samaritan manuscripts todate.
Conference contributors, BAJS 2017
FRIDAY, JULY 14, 2017 AT 9:06AM
Jews on the Move: Exploring the movement of Jews, objects, texts, and ideas in space and time. Contributors from Manchester to the BAJS Conference 2017 included Marci Freedman, Chronicle of Ahima'az" Tomb tours to the Holy Land: Exploring Jewish pilgrimages in the Middle Ages; Stefania Silvestri, Beyond a closed box: a Yeminite Pentateuch manuscript, its box binding and production models; Katharina Keim, The sale and export of Samaritan manuscripts to Western collections in the early twentieth century: a comparative analysis of the Samaritan collecting of Moses Gaster, E.K. Warren, and William E. Barton; Maria Cioată, Dr Moses Gaster's Istoria Biblica on the move; Philip Alexander, From Vitebsk to Glasgow: a tale of two cantors; Renate Smithuis, Donning borrowed clothes: Judah Halevi, Ibn Kammuna and Shi'i Theology; Katja Stuerzenhofecker, Displaying Religious Jews in Jewish Studies Classrooms. Further information. Also see: https://jewishstudiesedinburgh.files.wordpress.com/2016/08/bajs-2017-programme-final.pdf
Current research projects
The letters, which passed between Jewish scholar Moses Gaster in London and the Samaritan community in Nablus between 1904 and 1933, offer insights into Gaster’s contribution to the field of Samaritan Studies. Katharina is working to clarify the motives and methods behind Gaster’s creation of one of the most important collections of “oriental” manuscripts assembled in the 20th century, against the backdrop of the desperate attempts of the small Samaritan community to preserve its cultural heritage while declining in number.
2017 INTERNATIONAL MEETING SBL
8/7/2017 - 8/11/2017
Description: Jews, Christians, and Samaritans living under Muslim rule translated their sacred scriptures into Arabic. Interest in this vast treasure of texts has grown, and their contribution to the history of interpretation and religious history is considerable. This unit will discuss these translations, as well as how they were influenced by the Qur’an and used in inter-religious conversations.
Description: This seminar approaches biblical literature through its most famous and pivotal characters, for it is around them that the subsequent biblical story is organized and arranged. Moreover, these characters have come to enjoy a life and fame that extends well beyond the basic Old Testament, Miqra, and New Testament, and even into the Qur’an and Islamic oral and written texts. As was demonstrated at the recent Tartu seminar, Samaritan texts and traditions (unfamiliar to many) have a contribution to make to the seminar as well. Our work seeks, among other goals, to facilitate a meaningful and informed dialogue between Jews, Christians, Muslims and Samaritans—foregrounded in the academic study of the treatment of characters across texts and traditions—by providing both an open forum at annual conferences, and by providing through our publications a written reference library to consult. A further goal is to encourage and provide a forum in which new scholarly talent in biblical and related studies may be presented.
Description: Shortly after the expansion of Muslim rule in the 7th and 8th centuries CE, Christians, Jews, and Samaritans living in the Muslim world began to translate their sacred texts– the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament and the Samaritan Pentateuch– into Arabic. Many of these translations, from languages such as Hebrew, Greek, Syriac and Coptic, have come down to us in a vast corpus of manuscripts and fragments hailing from monasteries, synagogues and libraries, especially in the Middle East. Compared to other translation traditions of the Bible throughout its history, the Arabic versions in manuscript and later on in print are the most numerous and reveal an unusually large variety in stylistic and didactic approaches, vocabulary, scripts and ideologies. Although originally intended for internal consumption by the different denominations that produced them, the translations were also quoted and adapted by Muslim writers, who were familiar with many biblical episodes and characters through the Qur’an. The study of Arabic translations of the Bible has only recently started to come into its own, but much remains to be done. We invite papers on the various aspects of the production and reception of the Arabic Bible outlined above.
The 17th World Congress of Jewish Studies: Jerusalem, August 6-10, 2017
The Relationship between Paleography and Textual Criticism: Variants Found in the Samaritan Pentateuch that Originate in Graphic Similarity
Call for Papers for the 49th Annual Conference of the Association for Jewish Studies (AJS), to be held December 17-19, 2017 at the Marriott Marquis Hotel in Washington, DC.
9. Jewish History and Culture in Antiquity
Association For Jewish Studies
Parchment detail from a 13th century manuscript of the Samaritan Pentateuch. The inscription at center-page between the columns is a cryptogram which translates to, "In the year 2650, of the kingdom of Ishmael in the name of Abi Barkatiah, Sadaktah, son of Ab." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:SamaritanCryptograph.jpg Readable jpg
by guest contributor Matthew Chalmers
Thinking with Samaritans and Cynthia Baker’s Jew
Matthew Chalmers on Cynthia Baker’s Jew
Frumkin A. The underground water systems of Ma'abarta – Flavia Neapolis, Israel. Geoarchaeology. 2017; 00:1–14. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1002/gea.21637/full
Understanding the Pentateuch as a Scripture
by James W. Watts
Wiley-Blackwell; (October 16, 2017)
English, 328 pages
Juden – Heiden – Christen?
Religiöse Inklusionen und Exklusionen im Römischen Kleinasien
Hrsg. v. Stefan Alkier u. Hartmut Leppin
2017. Ca. 420 Seiten.
WUNT I erscheint im
Leinen ca. 150,00 €
eBook PDF ca. 150,00 €
Die Trias von Juden, Heiden, Christen scheint die religiöse Welt der römischen Kaiserzeit klar
und überschaubar zu ordnen. Bei näherem Hinsehen zeigt sich jedoch, dass dieses Modell zu
sehr simpliziert, da es weder den Selbst- noch den Fremdbeschreibungen in ihrer Vielfalt
gerecht wird, noch den jeweiligen Identitätskonzepten oder den Mechanismen diverser
Exklusionen und Inklusionen. Der vorliegende Band verdeutlicht dies am Beispiel
interdisziplinärer Einzelstudien aus Kleinasien, aber auch anhand konzeptioneller
Überlegungen. Zusammenfassend machen die Herausgeber neue Vorschläge zur Terminologie.
Stefan Alkier/Hartmut Leppin: Einleitung – Juden, Christen, Heiden?
Tobias Nicklas: Parting of the Ways – Probleme eines Konzepts – Manuel Vogel: Judentum,
Christentum, Heidentum – Konzeptionelle Probleme der Begrisbestimmungen – James Rives:
Ritual Practice, Social Power, and Religious Identity: The Case of Animal Sacrice
Gian Franco Chiai: Christen und christliche Identität(en) in den Inschriften des kaiserzeitlichen
Phrygiens – Christian Marek: Nochmals zu den Theos-Hypsistos-Inschriften – Ulrich Huttner:
Christliche Grenzgänger und ihre Inschriften – Martina Böhm: Samaritanische Diaspora im
Imperium Romanum – Dorothea Rohde: Die religiöse Landschaft einer Hafenstadt im Wandel:
Das Beispiel Ephesos – Kay Ehling: »Μεγάλη ἡ Ἄρτεμις Ἐφ εσίων.« Münzen, Inschriften, Papyri
und Gemmen kommentieren Apostelgeschichte 19 – Alexander Weiß: Christliche versus
städtische Identitäten? Ein Heptapolit liest die »Sieben Sendschreiben« der Johannesapokalypse
– Carsten Claußen: Die Identität antik-jüdischer Gemeinden in Kleinasien im Spiegel von
Rechtstexten – Stefan Alkier: Terminologien kollektiver Identitäten in der Apostelgeschichte des
Lukas – Jan Bremmer: Jews, Pagans and Christians in the Apocryphal Acts – Hartmut Leppin:
Justin und der Dialog mit Tryphon – Beobachtungen zum christlichen Intellektualismus – Walter
Ameling: Smyrna von der Oenbarung bis Pionius – Marktplatz oder Kampfplatz der
Stefan Alkier/Hartmut Leppin: Ein terminologischer Epilog
Stefan Alkier Geboren 1961; Studium der Ev. Theologie, Germanistik und Philosophie in
Münster, Bonn und Hamburg; 1993 Promotion; 1999 Habilitation; seit 2001 Professor für Neues
Testament und Geschichte der Alten Kirche am Fachbereich Evangelische Theologie der Goethe-
Universität Frankfurt am Main.
Hartmut Leppin Geboren 1963; Studium der Geschichte und Klassischen Philologie in Marburg,
Heidelberg, Pavia und Rom; 1990 Promotion; 1995 Habilitation; seit 2001 Professor für Alte
Geschichte in Frankfurt am Main; 2015 Leibnizpreis.
Bonnard, Christophe (Universite de Strasboug)
Asfår Asāṭīr, le "Livre des Légendes", une réécriture araméenne du Pentateuque samaritain : présentation, édition critique, traduction et commentaire philologique, commentaire comparative (Thesis 2015)
Abstract : Asfår Asāṭīr, the "Book of Legends", is an Aramaic rewriting of the Samaritan Pentateuch focused on Adam, Noah, Abraham and Moses, and whose framework is the Targum; it ends with two Apocalypses. Its language is a rare witness of Late Samaritan Aramaic, in the 10th and 11th centuries. The text brings together traditions from ancient Samaritan sources, or related to Jewish literature and to Muslim stories of the Prophets. It shows that Samaritan religion was still in flux in the early Middle Age. Many of its haggadic traditions became canonical among Samaritans who attributed this text to Moses.This study proposes to establish a critical edition of the Aramaic text and to provide a translation taking into account its Arabic and Hebrew commentaries, so as to make this work accessible to all French or European researchers.
[Samaritan Elegies: A Collection of Lamentations, Admonitions, and Poems of Praising God] Review in Münz-Manor, Ophir, European Journal of Jewish Studies, Vol. 11, Issue 1, p. 111-114 2017
Fossum, Jarl E.
The Name of God and the Angel of the Lord Samaritan and Jewish Concepts of Intermediation and the Origin of Gnosticism J.C.B.Mohr (Paul Siebeck) Tiibingen 1985.
Galbraith, Deane (University of Otago)
Review of Thomas B. Dozeman, Joshua 1–12: A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary The Anchor Yale Bible, 6B. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015 in The Bible & Critical Theory Vol. 13, No. 1, 2017 p.99-102
Matassa, L, J. Macdonald et al., “Samaritans” in Encyclopedia Judaica, eds. M. Berenbaumand F. Skolnik (Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007): 718-740.
Semitic Languages: Outline of a Comparative Grammar. Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 80. Leuven: Peeters, 1997
Purnomo, Al. (Program Studi Ilmu Teologi, Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Driyarkara, Jakarta)
Abstract: The strained relation between Samaritans and Jews as a fruit of long-term process from the division of the United Kingdom of Israel (ca. 931 B.C.E) became a dominant issue since the post-exilic period and became more pronounced in the first century C.E. Beside the Old Testament, the story of their relation which was full of conflict can be traced to extra-biblical sources. One of them is Flavius Josephus’ works (ca. 70 to 100 C.E), i.e., Jewish War and Jewish Antiquities. The root of the conflict is related to the presence of the Second Jerusalem Temple. The peak of the conflict is the construction of the Mount Gerizim temple in which some Jews regarded the adherents of the Samaritan cult as schismatic. The founding of this rival temple of Jerusalem aggravated the bad relations between Samaritans and Jews. The destruction of the Mount Gerizim temple by John Hyrcanus was a crucial incident for their relations. The conflict between Samaritans and Jews still continued in the Roman period. By historical approach, this study would setforth the examination of some Josephus’ accounts regarding the historical process of the estrangement and rivalry between Samaritans and Jews which resulted in the final split in second century B.C.E.
Reynolds, Randal D. (Luther Seminary)
The Passover Sign: The People See the Prophet-King, Thesis 2017
Verzichová, Klára (Univerzita Karlova, Husitská teologická fakulta)
Specifika samaritánského Desatera The specifics of the Samaritan Decalogue in Židovská civilizace:
Judaismus jako náboženský system Husitská teologická fakulta Univerzity Karlovy vydáno v nakladatelství L. Marek v roce 2016
“Quotative Frames in Samaritan Aramaic.” Zeitschrift Der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft, vol. 167, no. 1, 2017, pp. 47–70. JSTOR,
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